What is Squirting? And is it the Same as Ejaculating?

Female ejaculation, commonly known as squirting, has garnered much attention in popular culture and media in recent years. However, the scientific understanding of this phenomenon remains limited. This article reviews the current scientific literature on female ejaculation, examining what is known about the nature, origins, and purpose of squirting fluid.

So, what’s “Squirting”?

Squirting refers to the expulsion of fluid from the urethra during sexual arousal or orgasm in some women. The fluid is ejected in a jet or stream and is often associated with female ejaculation (1).

The exact composition of the fluid is debated, but it appears to be a mixture of secretions from the Skene’s glands (paraurethral glands) and diluted urine (2). Skene’s glands are thought to be homologous to the male prostate, leading some to refer to squirting as ‘female ejaculation.’

The fluid expelled during squirting is usually clear and watery, and the volume can vary greatly from woman to woman. Some only release a small amount of milky white fluid while others may squirt a larger stream of fluid (3).

Squirting and female ejaculation were once thought to be myths, but research has confirmed they represent real physiological phenomena in some women (4). However, there is still debate around the exact mechanisms and origin of the expelled fluid.

Is Squirting just Pee?

The chemical composition of both ejaculatory and squirting fluid indicates they are distinct from urine, containing components like prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and glucose (4). However, squirting fluid in particular still contains urinary components like urea, creatinine, and uric acid (5). This suggests female ejaculate consists of a mixture of fluids from multiple sources.

The prevalence of female ejaculation varies significantly in the literature from 10-54% of women (6). These inconsistencies may reflect differences in definitions, with some studies examining only small volumes of ejaculatory fluid while others focus on obvious squirting.

Is squirting the same thing as having an orgasm?

No, squirting and orgasm are separate physiological phenomena. Squirting can occur with orgasm but does not always. Some women report squirting without perceiving it as an orgasmic event. Similarly, women can experience orgasm without observable squirting (1,2).

Can all women squirt?

No, while exact statistics are uncertain, it appears a substantial minority of women have experienced squirting. However, not all women are physically capable of or interested in squirting (3). Factors like Skene’s gland size, pelvic muscle strength, and psychological comfort may impact ability (4).

Does squirting mean the sex is better or a woman is more turned on?

Not necessarily. Squirting does not equate to a better sexual experience. Women can enjoy sex without squirting and some may find it uncomfortable or embarrassing. Communication with a partner is important rather than assumptions (5).

How can a woman learn to squirt or squirt more easily?

Some recommendations include proper hydration, relaxation of pelvic muscles during stimulation, positions allowing urethral pressure, G-spot stimulation, and strengthening pelvic muscles through Kegel exercises. However, not all women will squirt even with such techniques. Patience and avoiding making it a “goal” are advised (6,7).

Is there any risk or downside to squirting?

It is generally considered safe, but frequent squirting could potentially contribute to dehydration or urinary tract issues. Some women find squirting uncomfortable, or the clean-up inconvenient. Open communication with a partner is important to avoid self-consciousness (8).

How do Girls Ejaculate?

The mechanisms inducing female ejaculation remain poorly understood. Some researchers propose stimulation of the G-spot, an erogenous zone on the anterior vaginal wall, triggers ejaculation (7). However, the existence of the G-spot itself is debated within the literature (8). More research is needed to elucidate the neurological and physiological basis of female ejaculation.

While often depicted in pornography, the evolutionary advantages of female ejaculation are unclear. Proposed hypotheses include lubricating the vagina, altering the vaginal pH to support sperm motility, or expelling pathogens (9). However, these theories remain speculative and female ejaculation is not necessary for conception.

In summary, current research supports female ejaculation as a valid physiological phenomenon, albeit one that is highly variable among women. The origins, composition, and purpose of ejaculatory/squirting fluid require further scientific investigation to unravel the mechanisms and implications of this enigmatic aspect of female sexual response.


  1. Pastor, Z., & Chmel, R. (2019). Female ejaculation orgasm vs. coital incontinence: a systematic review. Journal of sex & marital therapy, 45(4), 307-318.
  2. Pastor, Z., & Chmel, R. (2022). Female ejaculation and squirting as similar but completely different phenomena: A narrative review of current research. Clinical Anatomy, 35(5), 616-625.
  3. Zaviacic, M., Ablin, R. J., Brtko, J., Stancikova, M., & Zaviacicova, A. (2020). The female prostate. Molecular and cellular endocrinology, 518, 110946.
  4. Zaviacic, M. (1999). The human female prostate: From vestigial Skene’s paraurethral glands and ducts to woman’s functional prostate. Slovak Academic Press.
  5. Salama, S., Boitrelle, F., Gauquelin, A., Malagrida, L., Thiounn, N., & Desvaux, P. (2015). Nature and origin of “squirting” in female sexuality. The journal of sexual medicine, 12(3), 661-666.
  6. Klemens, A., Pastor, Z., & Guido, M. (2021). The current state of the art concerning female ejaculation. The journal of sexual medicine, 18(1), 59-66.
  7. Gravina, G. L., Brandetti, F., Martini, P., Carosa, E., Di Stasi, S. M., Morano, S., … & Jannini, E. A. (2008). Measurement of the thickness of the urethrovaginal space in women with or without vaginal orgasm. The journal of sexual medicine, 5(3), 610-618.
  8. Wimpissinger, F., Stifter, K., Grin, W., & Stackl, W. (2015). The female prostate revisited: perineal ultrasound and biochemical studies of female ejaculate. The journal of sexual medicine

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